Thomas D Cook Judd A. and Marjorie Weinberg College of Arts and Sciences, Weinberg Social Sciences, Sociology

Thomas D Cook

Research Interest Keywords

Comprehensive School Reform; Education Policy; No Child Left Behind; Randomized Experiments in Education; School Reform

Office phone



Scopus Publication Detail

The publication detail shows the title, authors (with indicators showing other profiled authors), information on the publishing organization, abstract and a link to the article in Scopus. This abstract is what is used to create the fingerprint of the publication.

On the importance of reliable covariate measurement in selection bias adjustments using propensity scores

Peter M. Steiner; Thomas D. Cook; William R. Shadish

(Profiled Author: Thomas D Cook)

Journal of Educational and Behavioral Statistics. 2011;36(2):213-236.


The effect of unreliability of measurement on propensity score (PS) adjusted treatment effects has not been previously studied. The authors report on a study simulating different degrees of unreliability in the multiple covariates that were used to estimate the PS. The simulation uses the same data as two prior studies. Shadish, Clark, and Steiner showed that a PS formed from many covariates demonstrably reduced selection bias, while Steiner, Cook, Shadish, and Clark identified the subsets of covariates from the larger set that were most effective for bias reduction. Adding different degrees of random error to these covariates in a simulation, the authors demonstrate that unreliability of measurement can degrade the ability of PSs to reduce bias. Specifically, increases in reliability only promote bias reduction, if the covariates are effective in reducing bias to begin with. Increasing or decreasing the reliability of covariates that do not effectively reduce selection bias makes no difference at all. © 2011 AERA.

Scientific Context

This section shows information related to the publication - computed using the fingerprint of the publication - including related publications, related experts with fingerprints representing significant amounts of overlap between their fingerprint and this publication. The red dots indicate whether those experts or terms appear within the publication, thereby showing potential and actual connections.

Related Publications

Related Topics

Appears in this Publication Appears in this Document

Related Experts

Author of this Publication Author of this Document