3M59 : SET7/9 Y245A in complex with TAF10-K189me2 peptide and AdoHcy

  • Paul A. Del Rizzo (Contributor)
  • Jean François Couture (Contributor)
  • Lynnette M A Dirk (Contributor)
  • Bethany S. Strunk (Contributor)
  • Marijo S. Roiko (Contributor)
  • Joseph S. Brunzelle (Contributor)
  • Robert L. Houtz (Contributor)
  • Raymond C. Trievel (Contributor)



Experimental Technique/Method:X-RAY DIFFRACTION
Release Date:2010-07-28
Deposition Date:2010-03-12
Revision Date:2011-07-13#2012-11-14#2017-11-08
Molecular Weight:31163.33
Macromolecule Type:Protein
Residue Count:272
Atom Site Count:2059

SET domain lysine methyltransferases (KMTs) methylate specific lysine residues in histone and non-histone substrates. These enzymes also display product specificity by catalyzing distinct degrees of methylation of the lysine ε-amino group. To elucidate the molecular mechanism underlying this specificity, we have characterized the Y245A and Y305F mutants of the human KMT SET7/9 (also known as KMT7) that alter its product specificity from a monomethyltransferase to a di- and a trimethyltransferase, respectively. Crystal structures of these mutants in complex with peptides bearing unmodified, mono-, di-, and trimethylated lysines illustrate the roles of active site water molecules in aligning the lysine ε-amino group for methyl transfer with S-adenosylmethionine. Displacement or dissociation of these solvent molecules enlarges the diameter of the active site, accommodating the increasing size of the methylated ε-amino group during successive methyl transfer reactions. Together, these results furnish new insights into the roles of active site water molecules in modulating lysine multiple methylation by SET domain KMTs and provide the first molecular snapshots of the mono-, di-, and trimethyl transfer reactions catalyzed by these enzymes.
Date made available2010

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