Abstract Background Addiction medicine consultation and medications for opioid use disorder are shown to improve outcomes for patients hospitalized with infective endocarditis associated with injection drug use. Existing studies describe settings where addiction medicine consultation and initiation of medications for opioid use disorder are not commonplace, and rates of antibiotic therapy completion are infrequently reported. This retrospective study sought to quantify antibiotic completion outcomes in a setting where these interventions are routinely implemented. Methods Medical records of patients hospitalized with a diagnosis of bacteremia or infective endocarditis at an urban hospital between October 1, 2015 and December 31, 2017 were screened for active injection drug use within 6 months of hospitalization and infective endocarditis. Demographic and clinical parameters, receipt of antibiotics and medications for opioid use disorder, and details of re-hospitalizations within 1 year of discharge were recorded. Results Of 567 subjects screened for inclusion, 47 had infective endocarditis and active injection drug use. Addiction medicine consultation was completed for 41 patients (87.2%) and 23 (48.9%) received medications for opioid use disorder for the entire index admission. Forty-three patients (91.5%) survived to discharge, of which 28 (59.6%) completed antibiotic therapy. Twenty-nine survivors (67.4%) were re-hospitalized within 1 year due to infectious complications of injection drug use. Conclusions Among patients admitted to a center with routine addiction medicine consultation and initiation of medications for opioid use disorder, early truncation of antibiotic therapy and re-hospitalization were commonly observed.
|Date made available||2022|