Chronic kidney disease and poor outcomes in ischemic stroke: is impaired cerebral autoregulation the missing link?

  • Pedro Castro (Creator)
  • Elsa Azevedo (Creator)
  • Isabel Rocha (Creator)
  • Farzaneh A Sorond (Creator)
  • Jorge Serrador (Creator)



Abstract Background Chronic kidney disease increases stroke incidence and severity but the mechanisms behind this cerebro-renal interaction are mostly unexplored. Since both vascular beds share similar features, microvascular dysfunction could be the possible missing link. Therefore, we examined the relationship between renal function and cerebral autoregulation in the early hours post ischemia and its impact on outcome. Methods We enrolled 46 ischemic strokes (middle cerebral artery). Dynamic cerebral autoregulation was assessed by transfer function (coherence, phase and gain) of spontaneous blood pressure oscillations to blood flow velocity within 6 h from symptom-onset. Estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) was calculated. Hemorrhagic transformation (HT) and white matter lesions (WML) were collected from computed tomography performed at presentation and 24 h. Outcome was evaluated with modified Rankin Scale at 3 months. Results High gain (less effective autoregulation) was correlated with lower eGFR irrespective of infarct side (p 
Date made available2018

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