Clinically important change for the FACIT-Fatigue scale in paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria: a derivation from international PNH registry patient data

  • David Cella (Creator)
  • Yasutaka Ueda (Creator)
  • Ioannis Tomazos (Creator)
  • Philippe Gustovic (Creator)
  • Hubert Schrezenmeier (Creator)

Dataset

Description

Abstract Background Fatigue is the most common symptom associated with paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria (PNH). The objective of this analysis was to estimate values that would suggest a clinically important change (CIC) for the functional assessment of chronic illness therapy-fatigue scale (FACIT-Fatigue) in patients with PNH. Methods Adults with PNH who initiated eculizumab within 28 days of enrollment in the International PNH Registry as of January 2021 with baseline FACIT-Fatigue scores were included in the analysis. Distribution-based estimates of likely difference were calculated using 0.5 × SD and SEM. Anchor-based estimates of CIC considered the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) global health status/quality of life summary score and the EORTC Fatigue Scale score. Changes in anchors and high disease activity (HDA) shift from start of eculizumab treatment to each follow-up visit were then assessed by FACIT-Fatigue score change (≤ 1 CIC, no change, or ≥ 1 CIC). Results At baseline, 93% of 423 patients had fatigue documented in their medical history. The distribution-based estimates for FACIT-Fatigue were 6.5 using 0.5 × SD and 4.6 using SEM; internal consistency was high (α = 0.87). For anchor-based estimates, the FACIT-Fatigue CIC ranged from 2.5 to 15.5, and generally supported 5 points as a reasonable lower end of the value for meaningful individual change. The percentage of patients who changed from having HDA at baseline to no HDA at eculizumab-treated follow-up visits increased over time. Conclusion These results support the use of 5 points as the CIC for FACIT-Fatigue in patients with PNH, which is within range of the CICs reported in other diseases (3–5 points).
Date made available2023
Publisherfigshare

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