These files contain the programs and data for the journal article "Border Carbon Adjustments When Carbon Intensity Varies Across Producers: Evidence from California," American Economic Journal. Abstract: Governments taxing carbon emissions within their jurisdiction can impose a commensurate tax on emissions embodied in imports in order to mitigate emissions leakage. California offers a rare opportunity to investigate how a border carbon adjustment (BCA) is working in practice. Experience to date highlights important tensions between GHG accounting accuracy, market efficiency, and concerns about trade protectionism. We simulate electricity market outcomes under BCA designs that differ in terms of how the carbon intensity of imports is assessed. Simulations suggest significant potential for leakage via resource shuffling. Realized emissions outcomes indicate that this potential has not been fully realized.
|Date made available
|ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research
|Date of data production
|Jan 1 2018 - Dec 31 2020
|WECC (Western Electricity Coordinating Council)