Formulating a Meaningful and Comprehensive Placental Phenotypic Classification

  • Alexa A. Freedman (Creator)
  • Lauren S Keenan-Devlin (The University of Chicago) (Creator)
  • Ann E B Borders (Creator)
  • Greg Miller (Creator)
  • Linda M Ernst (NorthShore University HealthSystem) (Creator)
  • Linda M. Ernst (Creator)



IntroductionWhile many placental lesions have been identified and defined, the significance of multiple overlapping lesions has not been addressed. The purpose of our analysis was to evaluate overlapping patterns of placental pathology and determine meaningful phenotypes associated with adverse birth outcomes.MethodsPlacental pathology reports were obtained from a single hospital between 2009 and 2018. Placental lesions were grouped into four major categories: acute inflammation (AI), chronic inflammation (CI), maternal vascular malperfusion (MVM), and fetal vascular malperfusion (FVM). Within each category, lesions were classified as not present, low grade or high grade. Combinations of pathologies were evaluated in relation to preterm birth (
Date made available2021
PublisherSAGE Journals

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