Individual Differences in Attitude Consistency Over Time: The Personal Attitude Stability Scale

  • Mengran Xu (Contributor)
  • Pablo Briñol (Creator)
  • Jeremy D. Gretton (Creator)
  • Zakary L. Tormala (Creator)
  • Derek Rucker (Creator)
  • Richard E. Petty (Creator)
  • Richard E. Petty (Creator)



This research finds evidence for reliable individual differences in people’s perceived attitude stability that predict the actual stability of their attitudes over time. Study 1 examines the reliability and factor structure of an 11-item Personal Attitude Stability Scale (PASS). Study 2 establishes test–retest reliability for the PASS over a 5-week period. Studies 3a and 3b demonstrate the convergent and discriminant validity of the PASS in relation to relevant existing individual differences. Studies 4 and 5 show that the PASS predicts attitude stability following a delay period across several distinct topics. Across multiple attitude objects, for people with high (vs. low) scores on the PASS, Time 1 attitudes were more predictive of their Time 2 attitudes, indicative of greater attitudinal consistency over time. The final study also demonstrates that the PASS predicts attitude stability above and beyond other related scales.
Date made available2020
PublisherSAGE Journals

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