Patterns of leisure-time physical activity across pregnancy and adverse pregnancy outcomes

  • Janet M. Catov (Creator)
  • Corette B. Parker (Contributor)
  • Bethany B. Gibbs (Creator)
  • Carla M. Bann (Creator)
  • Benjamin A. Carper (Creator)
  • Robert M. Silver (Creator)
  • Hyagriv N. Simhan (Contributor)
  • Samuel Parry (Creator)
  • Judith Chung (Creator)
  • David M. Haas (Creator)
  • Ronald J. Wapner (Creator)
  • George Saade (Creator)
  • Brian M. Mercer (Creator)
  • C. Noel Bairey Merz (Contributor)
  • Philip Greenland (Creator)
  • Deborah B. Ehrenthal (Creator)
  • Shannon E. Barnes (Creator)
  • Anthony L. Shanks (Creator)
  • Uma M. Reddy (Creator)
  • William A. Grobman (Creator)
  • Bethany Barone Gibbs (Creator)
  • Robert Silver (Creator)
  • George Saade (Creator)
  • William A. Grobman (Creator)



Abstract Background Although leisure-time physical activity (PA) contributes to overall health, including pregnancy health, patterns across pregnancy have not been related to birth outcomes. We hypothesized that women with sustained low leisure-time PA would have excess risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes, and that changing patterns across pregnancy (high to low and low to high) may also be related to risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes. Methods Nulliparous women (n = 10,038) were enrolled at 8 centers early in pregnancy (mean gestational age in weeks [SD] = 12.05 [1.51]. Frequency, duration, and intensity (metabolic equivalents) of up to three leisure activities reported in the first, second and third trimesters were analyzed. Growth mixture modeling was used to identify leisure-time PA patterns across pregnancy. Adverse pregnancy outcomes (preterm birth, [PTB, overall and spontaneous], hypertensive disorders of pregnancy [HDP], gestational diabetes [GDM] and small-for-gestational-age births [SGA]) were assessed via chart abstraction. Results Five patterns of leisure-time PA across pregnancy were identified: High (35%), low (18%), late decreasing (24%), early decreasing (10%), and early increasing (13%). Women with sustained low leisure-time PA were younger and more likely to be black or Hispanic, obese, or to have smoked prior to pregnancy. Women with low vs. high leisure-time PA patterns had higher rates of PTB (10.4 vs. 7.5), HDP (13.9 vs. 11.4), and GDM (5.7 vs. 3.1, all p 
Date made available2018

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