Percutaneous transhepatic vs. endoscopic retrograde biliary drainage for suspected malignant hilar obstruction: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial

  • Firas Al-Kawas (Creator)
  • Harry Aslanian (Creator)
  • John Baillie (Creator)
  • Fil Banovac (Creator)
  • Jonathan M. Buscaglia (Creator)
  • James Buxbaum (Creator)
  • Amitabh Chak (Creator)
  • Bradford Chong (Creator)
  • Gregory A. Coté (Contributor)
  • Peter V. Draganov (Creator)
  • Kulwinder Dua (Creator)
  • Valerie Durkalski (Creator)
  • B. J. Elmunzer (Contributor)
  • Lydia D. Foster (Creator)
  • Timothy B. Gardner (Creator)
  • Brian S. Geller (Creator)
  • Priya Jamidar (Creator)
  • Laith H. Jamil (Creator)
  • Rajesh N Keswani (Creator)
  • Mouen A. Khashab (Contributor)
  • Gabriel D. Lang (Creator)
  • Ryan Law (Creator)
  • David Lichtenstein (Creator)
  • Simon K. Lo (Creator)
  • Sean T. McCarthy (Creator)
  • Silvio Melo (Creator)
  • Daniel Mullady (Creator)
  • Jose Nieto (Creator)
  • J. Bayne Selby (Contributor)
  • Vikesh Singh (Contributor)
  • Rebecca L. Spitzer (Creator)
  • Brian Strife (Creator)
  • Paul Tarnasky (Creator)
  • Jason R. Taylor (Creator)
  • Jeffrey Tokar (Creator)
  • Andrew Y. Wang (Creator)
  • April Williams (Creator)
  • Field Willingham (Contributor)
  • Patrick Yachimski (Creator)



Abstract Background The optimal approach to the drainage of malignant obstruction at the liver hilum remains uncertain. We aim to compare percutaneous transhepatic biliary drainage (PTBD) to endoscopic retrograde cholangiography (ERC) as the first intervention in patients with cholestasis due to suspected malignant hilar obstruction (MHO). Methods The INTERCPT trial is a multi-center, comparative effectiveness, randomized, superiority trial of PTBD vs. ERC for decompression of suspected MHO. One hundred and eighty-four eligible patients across medical centers in the United States, who provide informed consent, will be randomly assigned in 1:1 fashion via a web-based electronic randomization system to either ERC or PTBD as the initial drainage and, if indicated, diagnostic procedure. All subsequent clinical interventions, including crossover to the alternative procedure, will be dictated by treating physicians per usual clinical care. Enrolled subjects will be assessed for successful biliary drainage (primary outcome measure), adequate tissue diagnosis, adverse events, the need for additional procedures, hospitalizations, and oncological outcomes over a 6-month follow-up period. Subjects, treating clinicians and outcome assessors will not be blinded. Discussion The INTERCPT trial is designed to determine whether PTBD or ERC is the better initial approach when managing a patient with suspected MHO, a common clinical dilemma that has never been investigated in a randomized trial. Trial registration, Identifier: NCT03172832 . Registered on 1 June 2017.
Date made available2018

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