Version 8

  • Carol D. Ryff (Creator)
  • David M. Almeida (Creator)
  • John Z. Ayanian (Creator)
  • Deborah S. Carr (Creator)
  • Christopher Coe (Creator)
  • Richard J. Davidson (Creator)
  • Robert F. Krueger (Creator)
  • M. E. Lachman (Creator)
  • Nadine F Marks (Creator)
  • Daniel K Mroczek (Creator)
  • Marsha Mailick Seltzer (Creator)
  • Burton H. Singer (Creator)
  • Richard P. Sloan (Creator)
  • Patricia Ann Tun (Creator)
  • David R. Williams (Creator)



In 1995-1996, the MacArthur Midlife Research Network carried out a national survey of 7,108 Americans aged 25 to 74 (MIDLIFE IN THE UNITED STATES (MIDUS), 1995-1996 [ICPSR 2760]). The purpose of the study was to investigate the role of behavioral, psychological, and social factors in understanding age-related differences in physical and mental health. The study was innovative for its broad scientific scope, its diverse samples (which included twins and the siblings of main sample respondents), and its creative use of in-depth assessments in key areas (e.g., daily stress and cognitive functioning). A description of the study and findings from it are available at With support from the National Institute on Aging, a longitudinal follow-up of the original MIDUS samples: core sample (N = 3,487), metropolitan over-samples (N = 757), twins (N = 925 complete pairs), and siblings (N = 950), was conducted in 2004-2006. Guiding hypotheses for it, at the most general level, were that behavioral and psychosocial factors are consequential for physical and mental health. MIDUS 2 respondents were aged 35 to 86. Data collection largely repeated baseline assessments (e.g., phone interview and extensive self-administered questionnaire), with additional questions in selected areas (e.g., cognitive functioning, optimism and coping, stressful life events, and caregiving). To add refinements to MIDUS 2, an African American sample (N = 592) was recruited from Milwaukee, Wisconsin, who participated in a personal interview and completed a questionnaire paralleling the above assessments. Survey data for the Milwaukee sample are available in a separate project [ICPSR 22840]. Also administered was a modified form of the mail questionnaire, via telephone, to respondents who did not complete a self-administered questionnaire.
Date made available2007
PublisherICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research
Date of data productionJan 1 2004 - Dec 31 2006
Geographical coverageUnited States

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