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Personal profile

Research Interests

Prof. Cao’s major research interests include innovative manufacturing processes and systems, particularly in the area of deformation-based processes and laser processes. Her work has made fundamental contributions to the understanding of wrinkling in sheet forming and the effects of material microstructure and material architecture on forming behavior of metals and woven composites. Her research has integrated analytical and numerical simulation methods, control and sensors, design methodologies to advance manufacturing processes. Her research group has designed unique manufacturing equipment for microforming, flexible rapid forming, and additive manufacturing. Current research on flexible dieless forming, micro-forming, laser processes for ablation and additive, and composites forming has direct impacts on energy-efficient manufacturing, surface engineering and rapid prototyping.

Education/Academic qualification

Mechanical Engineering, PhD, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

… → 1995

Mechanical Engineering, MS, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

… → 1992

Materials Science and Engineering & Automatic Control, BS, Shanghai Jiao Tong University

… → 1989

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Grants 2003 2021

surface treatment
ultrasonics
titanium alloys
mechanical properties
microstructure
Engineering research
Costs
Ecosystems
Innovation
Data structures
Polymer matrix composites
High strength steel
Composite materials
Testing

Research Output 1993 2019

A new approach for analyzing the temperature rise and heat partition at the interface of coated tool tip-sheet incremental forming systems

Zhang, X., He, T., Miwa, H., Nanbu, T., Murakami, R., Liu, S., Cao, J. & Wang, Q. J., Feb 1 2019, In : International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer. 129, p. 1172-1183 12 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

partitions
heat
frequency response
Frequency response
Temperature

A numerical Bayesian-calibrated characterization method for multiscale prepreg preforming simulations with tension-shear coupling

Zhang, W., Bostanabad, R., Liang, B., Su, X., Zeng, D., Bessa, M. A., Wang, Y., Chen, W. & Cao, J., Jan 20 2019, In : Composites Science and Technology. 170, p. 15-24 10 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Preforming
Plastics industry
Fiber reinforced plastics
Statistical tests
Bayesian networks

Design and models of helical needle geometries for core biopsies

Giovannini, M., Cao, J. & Ehmann, K., Feb 1 2019, In : Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials. 90, p. 113-124 12 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Biopsy
Needles
Geometry
Tissue
Gages
1 Citations
Geometry
Metal forming
Sheet metal
Machining
Experiments

Cooling rate effect on tensile strength of laser deposited Inconel 718

Bennett, J. L., Kafka, O. L., Liao, H., Wolff, S. J., Yu, C., Cheng, P., Hyatt, G., Ehmann, K. & Cao, J., Jan 1 2018, In : Procedia Manufacturing. 26, p. 912-919 8 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

Solidification
Tensile strength
Cooling
Lasers
Microstructure