Matthew James O'Brien

  • 322 Citations
19992022
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Personal profile

Research Interests

My work aims to eliminate health disparities in U.S. Latinos by examining the underlying causes and developing interventions to address them. Since 2007, my colleagues and I have focused on community health workers as a culturally-competent workforce to promote health and prevent disease in this population. Partnered closely with community-based organizations, we have developed and tested community health worker programs to prevent cancer, cardiovascular disease, and most recently diabetes. We conduct qualitative and epidemiologic studies to identify intervention targets in Latinos and develop our intervention approaches. Through advocacy and research efforts, we are also working to integrate community-based health resources with more traditional healthcare services and settings.

Training Experience

2007Residency, Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania
2010Fellowship, Robert Wood Johnson Clinical Scholars Program, University of Pennsylvania

Education/Academic qualification

MD, Brown University

… → 2004

Keywords

  • Community Medicine
  • Health Disparities
  • Health Policy
  • Primary Care
  • Diabetes
  • Endocrinology
  • Metabolism

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Grants 2015 2022

Clinical Decision Support Systems
Community Health Centers
Diabetes Mellitus
Metformin
Life Style
literacy
health
questionnaire
information system
psychometrics
Community Health Centers
Body Mass Index
ROC Curve
Cost-Benefit Analysis
Costs and Cost Analysis

Research Output 1999 2019

  • 322 Citations
  • 26 Article
  • 5 Review article

Associations of insulin resistance with cognition in individuals without diagnosed diabetes: Results from the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos

Gonzales, M. M., Durazo-Arvizu, R. A., Sachdeva, S., Unterman, T. G., O'Brien, M. J., Gallo, L. C., Talavera, G. A., Kaplan, R. C., Cai, J., Schneiderman, N., Espinoza Giacinto, R. A., González, H. M., Daviglus, M. L. & Lamar, M., Apr 1 2019, In : Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice. 150, p. 38-47 10 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Hispanic Americans
Cognition
Insulin Resistance
Epidemiology
Health

A Patient With CKD Develops Cholestatic Liver Injury During a Clinical Trial

CKD Optimal Management with Binders and NicotinamidE (COMBINE) Investigators, Jan 1 2018, In : Kidney International Reports. 3, 1, p. 5-10 6 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Clinical Trials
Liver
Wounds and Injuries

Building Toward a Population-Based Approach to Diabetes Screening and Prevention for US Adults

Bowen, M. E., Schmittdiel, J. A., Kullgren, J. T., Ackermann, R. T. & O'Brien, M. J., Nov 1 2018, In : Current Diabetes Reports. 18, 11, 104.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Prediabetic State
Population
Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
Referral and Consultation
Health

Diabetes risk assessment in Latinas: Effectiveness of a brief diabetes risk questionnaire for detecting prediabetes in a community-based sample

Scanlan, A. B., Maia, C. M., Perez, A., Homko, C. J. & O'Brien, M. J., Feb 1 2018, In : Diabetes Spectrum. 31, 1, p. 31-36 6 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Prediabetic State
Hispanic Americans
Health Services Needs and Demand
Surveys and Questionnaires
Sensitivity and Specificity
1 Citations (Scopus)

Performance of the 2015 US Preventive Services Task Force Screening Criteria for Prediabetes and Undiagnosed Diabetes

O'Brien, M. J., Bullard, K. M. K., Zhang, Y., Gregg, E. W., Carnethon, M. R., Kandula, N. R. & Ackermann, R. T., Jul 1 2018, In : Journal of General Internal Medicine. 33, 7, p. 1100-1108 9 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Prediabetic State
Advisory Committees
Glucose
Fasting
Obesity