A double-blind randomized controlled trial to assess the efficacy and safety of a quadruple ultra-low-dose treatment for hypertension (QUARTET USA)

Project: Research project

Description

The proposed application will investigate whether initiating treatment with ultra-low-dose quadruple-combination therapy (LDQT; including irbesartan 37.5mg, amlodipine 1.25mg, indapamide 0.625mg, and bisoprolol 2.5mg) will lower automated office blood pressure and 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure at 12 weeks more effectively, and with no increase in side effects, compared to initiating standard dose monotherapy (irbesartan 150mg) in adults with raised blood pressure (SBP>140 mmHg or DBP>90 mmHg) and without cardiovascular disease. Our preliminary data from a short-term crossover trial of 20 participants suggest that LDQT lowers office blood pressure by 22/13 mmHg on average compared with placebo with no difference in serious adverse events. Effects on 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure were similar.
We will perform this phase II, single site, randomized controlled trial in a network of federally qualified health centers in Chicago because this population bears a disproportionate burden of blood pressure related diseases, and we have previously successfully conducted clinical studies in this population. This new and simpler treatment paradigm has potential to eliminate blood pressure disparities in this population, which provides the motivation for this proposal. While we hypothesize this intervention will be easily implemented and efficacious for all patients and clinicians, we will explore variation in treatment effect by potential moderating variables, including age, sex, race/ethnicity, and health literacy level. Beyond examining efficacy, we also plan to assess feasibility of implementing this intervention in a clinical setting by simultaneously evaluating implementation outcomes of acceptability, preferences, and lessons of LDQT among patients and clinicians.
Two early stage investigators will lead the study team with relevant, complementary clinical trial experience in cardiovascular medicine and biostatistics, which provide a strong foundation for this proposal. Our team will leverage internal and external experience and resources in cardiovascular research, combination drug therapy, and implementation science to study a novel intervention in a high-burden, low-resource population from a single site through this phase II trial. We plan to pool the present trial data with that of similar trial conducted in Australia (led by one of the study team members in this proposal) to examine the robustness and generalizability of our study results.
StatusFinished
Effective start/end date6/15/188/31/19

Funding

  • National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (1R61HL139852-01)

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Randomized Controlled Trials
Blood Pressure
Hypertension
irbesartan
Safety
Therapeutics
Population
Biostatistics
Bisoprolol
Indapamide
Health Literacy
Amlodipine
Combination Drug Therapy
Cross-Over Studies
Cardiovascular Diseases
Placebos
Research Personnel
Medicine
Clinical Trials
Health