DISE - a natural cancer surveillance mechanism - a new road to cancer therapy

Project: Research project

Project Details


My lab has made seminal contributions to our understanding of how the death receptor CD95 (Fas) mediates apoptosis. Our discovery of the CD95 death-inducing signaling complex (DISC) has influenced many others, and has laid the groundwork for the study of all death receptors, including TRAIL and TNF receptors. Our discovery of caspase-8 resulted in elucidation of the extrinsic apoptosis pathway, which has had implications for cancer research and beyond. In 2004, my interest began to turn toward nonapoptotic signaling through CD95. We recognized that CD95 was expressed on virtually all cells, including cells that should never undergo apoptosis (e.g., neurons), and was expressed on virtually all cancer cells, many of which were highly sensitive to apoptosis induction through CD95 in vitro. In 2010 these studies led to the break-through discovery that CD95 generally promotes growth of cancer cells. Based largely on this work, a CD95L inhibitor has been successfully used in clinical trials. More recently, we reported that elimination of CD95 or CD95L from cancer cells results in a form of cell death that I have termed DICE (death induced by CD95R/L elimination). Strikingly, we have found that DICE can be induced in all cancer cells tested (in vitro and in vivo), and we have not found a way to block it, suggesting that cancer cells may have a hard time developing resistance to DICE. The data suggest that CD95 acts as a "dead man's switch", which ensures low level survival signaling through multiple signaling pathways, and when it is removed multiple cell death pathways are activated. In 2008 we discovered that miR-200 is a key regulator of EMT. Most recently, we found that stimulation of CD95 on cancer cells or reducing miR-200c levels increases the number of cancer stem cells (CSCs), which are more sensitive to induction of DICE than non-CSCs but are less sensitive to CD95 mediated apoptosis. In contrast, induction of DICE or overexpression of miR-200c reduces the number
Effective start/end date8/7/157/31/22


  • National Cancer Institute (5R35CA197450-07)


Explore the research topics touched on by this project. These labels are generated based on the underlying awards/grants. Together they form a unique fingerprint.