Dr. Marcelo Bonini VA-IPA 1101BX004268

Project: Research project

Project Details


Atrial fibrillation (AF), the most common sustained cardiac arrhythmia in Veterans, is associated with increased risk for stroke, heart failure, and death. The number of Americans affected by AF is expected to surge to approximately 16 million by the year 2050. Although a causal relationship between obesity and AF was recently established, the underlying pathophysiological mechanisms and their impact on response to antiarrhythmic drug (AAD) therapy remain unclear. Emerging evidence supports reduced cardiac Na+ channel expression as one potential contributing mechanism. Since Class I AADs, which block the cardiac Na+ channel (Nav1.5), are commonly used to treat AF, the overarching goal of this proposal is to elucidate the underlying electrophysiologic (EP) and molecular mechanisms by which obesity increases risk of AF and modulates response to Na+ channel blockers in diet-induced obese (DIO) mice. Specific Aim 1 will test the hypothesis that obesity-induced AF is associated with increased oxidative stress in DIO mice and this effect is in part mediated by modulating the cardiac Na+ channel. We will measure biomarkers of atrial (4-hydroxynonenal, 4-HNE; nitrated proteins, YNO2) and systemic (F2-isoprostanes, IsoPs) oxidative stress in DIO mice and compare them with lean controls. This aim builds on our previous work showing that SCN5A loss-of- function mutations increase AF risk by reducing Nav1.5 expression and current (INa), pilot data showing that DIO mice are more prone to AF than lean controls and this risk is mediated in part by downregulation of Nav1.5 and increased oxidative stress. Despite recent advances in catheter-based therapies, AADs continue to be commonly used to treat symptomatic AF. However, response in an individual patient is highly variable and membrane-active drugs are associated with serious toxicities. Thus, a major knowledge gap is predicting which patients with AF are most likely to respond to AADs. Our pilot data, generated in the JBVA/UIC A
Effective start/end date10/1/209/30/21


  • Jesse Brown VA Medical Center (IPA AGMT. Signed 03/04/2021)


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