Holmgren: Specific inhibition of transcription factors with Cobalt-Schiff Base Complexes

Project: Research project

Description

The use of metals in medicine has grown impressively in recent years as the result of greatly advanced understanding of the structures of biologically active metal complexes and metal-containing proteins. The goal of this project is to develop a platform that specifically inhibits zinc finger transcription factors (TFs), specifically the Gli family. Gli family TFs represent the final step in the hedgehog (Hh) pathway. The over- activation of this pathway is associated with the growth of a variety of tumors including basal cell carcinoma (BCC) and medulloblastoma. Therefore, inhibitors of these TFs represent potent research tools for biology and have potential use as an entirely new class of therapeutic agents. We are developing cobalt(III)-Schiff base complexes (Co(III)-DNA) that inhibit TFs by a unique mechanism. The complexes are targeted to specific proteins by conjugating decoy oligonucleotides mimicking the native DNA target site of the protein of interest. Subsequent coordination of the cobalt complex to histidines in the zinc finger domain disrupts the structure leading to irreversible inhibition of transcriptional activity.
Previous work from our lab has shown that Co(III)-DNA targeted to Snail TFs block EMT in breast cancer cell lines. Preliminary studies in our lab has shown that Co(III)-DNA selectively inhibits Ci (the Drosophila homologue of Gli) in non-mammalian embryo models of development. Here, new Co(III)-DNA conjugates targeted to Gli TFs will be evaluated for their capacity to specifically inhibit Gli transcriptional activity and the Hh pathway in mammalian cell-based reporter assays, and in disease-relevant BCC cell lines. In Aim 1, we will study the interaction of Co(III)-Schiff base and Co(III)-DNA with the Gli DNA binding domain in detail using hydrogen-deuterium exchange coupled with ESI-mass spectrometry. In Aim 2 we will examine the specificity of Co(III)-Gli DNA, comparing targeting to Gli vs. a different transcription factor (Zic) that can bind the same DNA sequence, but with much reduced affinity. In Aim 3, a gold nanoparticle topical delivery system will be used to evaluate the ability of Co(III)-DNA targeted to Gli TFs to disrupt the Hh pathway in whole cell studies and 3D organotypic raft cultures as an epidermal model.
We have assembled a team at Northwestern University that includes my research group which has been investigating the physical and biological properties of large number of Co(III)-Schiff base complexes for two decades. Professor Robert Holmgren is a developmental biologist whose research focuses on signal transduction pathways and their role in patterning. Professors Amy Paller, MD and Bethany Perez-White, PhD, whose research focuses on skin cell communication and development. Finally, we have added Professor Anthony Oro (Stanford) who is world leader in Hedgehog signaling pathways and basil cell carcinoma as a consultant (see LOS). The successful completion of this research will produce inhibitors of TFs that function as new research tools and the treatment of a number of diseases that rely on TF signaling.
StatusActive
Effective start/end date7/15/174/30/21

Funding

  • National Institute of General Medical Sciences (1R01GM121518-01A1)

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Schiff Bases
Cobalt
Transcription Factors
DNA
Cells
Zinc
Metals
Signal transduction
Proteins
Deuterium
DNA sequences
Coordination Complexes
Histidine
Oligonucleotides
Gold
Medicine
Mass spectrometry
Tumors
Hydrogen
Assays