Mast cells have a well-established role in the inflammatory processes that regulate allergic responses.Recent data have implicated mast cells in a variety of other pathologic and protective immune responses.These include exacerbation of symptoms in murine models of multiple sclerosis (Experimental allergicencephalomyelitis - EAE) and arthritis and resistance to bacterial infections. In addition to mediators that areknown to affect the recruitment and activation state of cells of the innate immune system, mast cells alsoexpress many molecules that have documented effects on the regulation of adaptive immune responses.These include CD40L, IL-2, IL-4, IL-7, IL-15, IL-23, LTB4 and histamine. We recently compared the T cellresponses of mast cell-deficient mice (W/Wv) with their wild type littermates after immunization with a myelinpeptide in CFA, a protocol used to induce EAE. Although there is no inherent deficit in W/Wv-derived T cellsactivated in a mast cell-sufficient environment, several indices of activation including stimulation-dependentchanges in the expression of CD44, CD11a, CD69 and CD62L are attenuated in T cells primed in a mastcell-deficient setting as is the ability to express IFN gamma. Notably, both the CD4+ and CD8+ T cellresponses were consistently and significantly affected. The sub-optimal CDS response may be due toinefficient mast cell-dependent T cell help. Alternatively, it may reflect the more direct influence of mast cellson CD8+ T cells. Using a well-defined Listeria monocytogenes infection model, experiments in thisapplication will test the hypothesis that mast cells contribute to a microenvironment that shapes severalevents governing CD4+ and CD8+ T cell function. The specific aims are as follows:1. To determine the effect of mast cell-deficiency on CD4+ and CD8+ T responses after infection with arecombinant L. monocytogenes expressing gp33-41, the class I LCMV epitope (rLM33).2. To examine the influence of mast cells on dendritic cell maturation, migration and T cell stimulatoryfunction in rl_M33 infected mice.3. 3. To assess the changes in mast cell phenotype during rLM33 infection and determine their relationshipto alterations in T cell responses
|Effective start/end date||7/1/07 → 6/30/08|
- National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (1 R56 AI064769-01A2)
Explore the research topics touched on by this project. These labels are generated based on the underlying awards/grants. Together they form a unique fingerprint.