NSFGEO-NERC: Collaborative Research: Developing a new Lower Cretaceous time scale: Foundation for the next generation of paleoceanographic

Project: Research project

Project Details


During unusually warm greenhouse conditions of the Aptian to Cenomanian, several major perturbations in the global carbon cycle are reflected by black shale deposits and/or carbon isotope excursions (OAEs). To fully understand the ocean-climate dynamics of this greenhouse world, and the mechanistic drivers that propel ocean anoxia and deterioration of ecosystems, new radioisotopic dating, in parallel with a more geographically dispersed array of high-quality Cretaceous sedimentary records are essential. The Yezo Group (YG), Japan comprises Aptian to Maastrichtian sediment deposited in a high latitude Pacific Ocean-facing fore arc basin. Unlike other well-studied Lower Cretaceous sequences, e.g., the Vocontian Basin, France (VB), the YG contains rhyolitic tuffs amenable to precise U-Pb and 40Ar/39Ar dating. We propose to obtain new radioisotopic dates from the YG in concert with new osmium (Os) and carbon (C) isotope chemostratigraphy. This new chronology and chemostratigraphy can be exported and correlated to records from Tethys, including the VB for which we aim to generate new Os and C isotope chemostratigraphy and an astrochronologic age model focused on the critical onset interval of OAE1a. Our proposed research to update and improve the Lower Cretaceous time scale by integrating French and Japanese strata is designed to rectify critical time scale inaccuracies, and employ refined time scales and new proxy data to address fundamental questions concerning lithosphere-hydrosphere-biosphere interactions associated with major Cretaceous C-cycle perturbations such as OAEs.
Effective start/end date11/15/2010/31/23


  • National Science Foundation (1951835 EAR-01)


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