The cochlea contains two types of mechanosensory receptor cells, inner (IHC) and outer (OHC) hair cells, which play very different, but critical, roles in hearing. Cochlear hair cells arise during embryogenesis, but how they specifically differentiate into IHCs or OHCs remains unknown. We found a presumed transcription factor (INSM1) expressed in incipient OHCs, but not in IHCs, during mouse embryogenesis. Insm1 is the first gene found to be uniquely expressed in nascent, early differentiating OHCs (but not IHCs). We find that ablating Insm1 affects OHCs and will elucidate its role in OHC differentiation. We hypothesize that INSM1 acts by regulating (either activating or repressing) other genes early in OHC differentiation and will identify these target genes. Finally, we will take advantage of a unique reporter line (Insm1GFP::Cre) that selectively labels OHCs from their onset to cell sort and identify genes and proteins uniquely or preferentially expressed in embryonic OHCs or IHCs. We will then functionally test some of these genes for roles in OHC- and IHC-specific development. These approaches offer for the first time the means to elucidate how cochlear OHCs and IHCs differentiate their unique features. This knowledge will be critical for the development of therapies to restore hearing due to hair cell death, as this will require the specific replacement of OHCs, IHCs or both.
|Effective start/end date||7/15/17 → 6/30/22|
- National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders (3R01DC015903-03S1)