Structural Connectivity of Positive and Negative Emotions: Secondary Analysis of the Human Connectome Project through the RDoC Lens

Project: Research project

Project Details


Depression and anxiety are highly prevalent and frequently co-occur. Moreover, they are associated with functional impairment and physical health risks, including early mortality. Despite their significance to public health, treatment for depression and anxiety remains insufficient. Understanding of these illnesses, their comorbidity, and how to most effectively treat them has been limited by categorical approaches to diagnosis and research and by reliance on subjective reports. In addition, the field has historically focused on negative factors, failing to account for the unique effects of positive psychological processes. Positive affect, independent of negative affect, benefits both psychological and physical health. However, the biobehavioral processes by which positive affect confers these protective effects have not been fully elucidated. The Research Domain Criteria (RDoC) include both negative and positive valence domains and require use of multiple units of analyses (e.g., both self-report and neurological measures). RDoC thus offers a framework for advancing the science of affective processes that are relevant to both wellbeing and mental illness. Examination of relationships between imaging and self-report data is a critical next step. Our team has developed a novel method of data-driven techniques that can be applied to MRI data to allow quantitative investigation of affective processes. High-resolution structural connectome (HRSC) mapping using diffusion weighted imaging enables the analysis of single-subject and group-level structural connectivity at more than 50,000 points along the cortex and surfaces of the deep nuclei. HSRC mapping provides a unique opportunity to examine patterns of structural connectivity, as a means of advancing our understanding of the circuitry underlying self-reported affect. In response to PAR-17-158, “Secondary Data Analyses to Explore NIMH Research Domain Criteria (R03),” we propose to analyze neuroimaging and self-rep
Effective start/end date4/1/203/31/22


  • National Institute of Mental Health (1R03MH119529-01A1 REVISED)


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