Triple negative breast cancers (TNBCs) have a poor prognosis and are not amenable to endocrine- or HER2-targeted therapies. While the newly approved PARP inhibitors (PARPi) such as olaparib and talazoparib provide a glint of hope to the approximately 15-20% of TNBC patients with BRCA1-deficiency, the need for a novel strategy that could benefit the remaining 80-85% BRCA1-proficient TNBC patients is urgent and significant. The goal of this project is to determine the impact of interplay between Krüppel-like factor 4 (KLF4) and poly-ADPribose polymerase 1 (PARP1) in breast tumor progression and metastasis, and further develop a small molecule inhibitor of KLF4 that synergizes with PARPi for anti-TNBC treatment. This proposal is based on our original discovery that KLF4 acts as a critical signaling node in mediating DNA damage response (DDR)/DNA repair, wherein the Poly-(ADP-ribosyl)ation (PARylation) of KLF4 by PARP1 dictates the chromatin recruitment for KLF4 that, in turn, governs KLF4 transcriptional function with respect to the maintenance of genome stability, tumor progression/metastasis and drug sensitivity in breast cancer. These findings led to our central hypothesis that dysregulation of KLF4 by PARP1 results in genome instability and tumor promotes progression/metastasis, and blockade of KLF4 by newly developed KLF4 inhibitor synergizes PARPi for efficient killing of TNBC cells. Three specific aims are proposed to elucidate the importance and mechanisms regulating KLF4 by PARP1: (1) To determine the mechanism by which PARP1 regulates KLF4-mediated genome stability and carcinogenesis through orchestrating the recruitment of KLF4 to chromatin; (2) To determine the physiological and clinical relevance of KLF4 PARylation in breast tumor progression/metastasis; and (3) To validate the therapeutic intervention of KLF4 inhibitor in synergizing with olaparib/talazoparib in anti TNBC treatment using human breast tumor organoid and patient-derived xenografts (PDXs).
|Effective start/end date||4/15/20 → 3/31/25|
- National Cancer Institute (5R01CA250110-02)
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