Glycosyltransferase gene transfection into cell lines has been an approach used successfully to elucidate the functional role of cell surface glycoconjugates. We have transfected the rat CMP-NeuAc:Galβ1,4GlcNAc α2,6- sialyltransferase (EC 188.8.131.52) gene into a human, tumorigenic, glioma cell line, U373 MG. This transfection led to a marked inhibition of invasivity, alterations in adhesivity to fibronectin and collagen matrices, and inappropriately sialylated α3β1 integrin. Adhesion-mediated protein tyrosine phosphorylation was reduced in the transfectants despite increased expression of focal adhesion kinase, p125(fak). Furthermore, the transfectants showed a distinct cell morphology, an increased number of focal adhesion sites, and different sensitivity to cytochalasin D treatment than control U373 MG cells. These results suggest that inappropriate sialylation of cell surface glycoconjugates, such as integrins, can change focal adhesion as well as adhesion-mediated signal transduction and block glioma cell invasivity in vitro.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||Journal of neurochemistry|
|State||Published - Jun 1997|
- Focal adhesion kinase
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience