Deletion of the chromosome 5q [del(5q)] is one of the most common cytogenetic abnormalities observed in patients with de novo myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) and therapy-related MDS or acute myeloid leukemia (t-MDS/tAML). Emerging evidence indicates that activation of the Wnt/β-catenin pathway contributes to the development of myeloid neoplasms with del(5q). Whether β-catenin is a potential therapeutic target for myeloid neoplasms with del(5q) has yet to be evaluated. Here, we report that genetic deletion of a single allele of β-catenin rescues ineffective hematopoiesis in an Apc haploinsufficient mouse model, which recapitulates several characteristic features of the preleukemic stage of myeloid neoplasms with a -5/del(5q). In addition, loss of a single allele of β-catenin reversed the defective self-renewal capacity of Apc-haploinsufficient hematopoietic stem cells and reduced the frequency of apoptosis induced by Apc haploinsufficiency. Suppression of β-catenin by indomethacin or β-catenin shRNA reduced proliferation and survival of human leukemia cell lines with del(5q) but not of control leukemia cell lines in vitro; β-catenin inactivation also inhibited leukemia progression in vivo in xenograft mice reconstituted with del(5q) leukemia cell lines. Inhibition of β-catenin also stunted growth and colony-forming abilities of primary bone marrow cells from del(5q) AML patients in vitro. Overall, our data support the idea that β-catenin could serve as a therapeutic target for the treatment of myeloid neoplasms with del(5q).
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research