β-Hydroxy-butyrate alters the extracellular content of S100B in astrocyte cultures

Marina Leite, Juliana K. Frizzo, Patrícia Nardin, Lúcia Maria Vieira De Almeida, Francine Tramontina, Carmem Gottfried, Carlos Alberto Gonçalves

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Scopus citations

Abstract

Astrocytes have a variety of roles in maintaining neural tissue physiology, including energetic support, uptake and metabolism of glutamate and secretion of neurotrophic factors. Glutamate toxicity has been implicated in neurodegenerative disorders associated with conditions related to energy failure, and to elevation of glutamate extracellular levels in brain. Glucose is the main energetic substrate for brain cells but, in some circumstances, the ketone bodies are used as a supplementary source and have been suggested to be neuroprotective agents against seizure disorders. Here, we investigate some possible biochemical changes in astrocyte cultures induced by β-hydroxy-butyrate, the predominant blood ketone body. Its effect upon S100B secretion, astrocyte morphology and glutamate uptake was particularly investigated. S100B, a calcium-binding protein expressed and secreted by astrocytes, has neurotrophic activity and a possible role in epileptogenesis. Cell morphology was investigated by phase-contrast microscopy and immunocytochemistry for actin, GFAP and S100B. Our data show that β-hydroxy-butyrate induces dramatic changes in astrocyte morphology and, independent of this, causes changes in the extracellular content of S100B. We observed an increment in S100B 1 h after β-hydroxy-butyrate addition and a decrease 24 h later. No changes were observed in glutamate uptake. These astrocytic modifications may be associated with reduced neuronal excitability observed in the ketogenic condition.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)139-143
Number of pages5
JournalBrain Research Bulletin
Volume64
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 30 2004

Keywords

  • Astrocytes
  • Ketogenic diet
  • S100B
  • Stress fibres
  • β-Hydroxy-butyrate

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

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