β1,6-N-acethylglucosamine-bearing N-glycans in human gliomas: Implications for a role in regulating invasivity

Hirotaka Yamamoto*, Jason Swoger, Suzanne Greene, Tasuku Saito, Jay Hurh, Charla Sweeley, Jan Leestma, Edward Mkrdichian, Leonard Cerullo, Atsushi Nishikawa, Yoshito Ihara, Naoyuki Taniguchi, Joseph R. Moskal

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

122 Scopus citations

Abstract

The metastatic potential of tumor cells has been shown to be correlated with the expression of tri- and tetra-antennary β1,6-N-acetylglucosamine (β1,6-GlcNAc)-bearing N-glycans, which are recognized by Phaseolus vulgaris leukoagglutinating lectin (L-PHA). The expression of β1,6-GlcNAc-bearing N- glycans also has been used as a marker of tumor progression in human breast and colon cancers. In this report, the role of N-glycan branching in regulating glioma migration and invasion was examined. The expression of β1,6-GlcNAc-bearing N-glycans was found in human glioma specimens, whereas astrocytes from normal adult brain were negative. The expression of N- acetylglucosaminyltransferase V (GnT-V) mRNA, which is responsible for the biosynthesis of β1,6-GlcNAc-bearing N-glycans, was high in glioma cell lines with robust ets-1 expression. To study the molecular mechanism of Gn-T-V expression in human glioma cells, an inducible ets-1 gene was stably transfected into SNB-19 cells using a tetracycline repressor system. GnT-V mRNA expression was increased by the induction of c-ets-1, suggesting that the Ets-1 transcription factor directly regulates the transcription of GnT-V. Stable transfection of GnT-V into human glioma U-373 MG cells resulted in changes in cell morphology and focal adhesions and a marked increase in glioma invasivity in vitro. L-PHA has little effect on cell migration. On the contrary, Phaseolus vulgaris erythroagglutinating lectin (E-PHA), which recognizes bisecting β1,4-GlcNAc-bearing N-glycans, strongly inhibits cell migration (haptotaxis) on a fibronectin substrate in U-373 MG transfectants and other glioma cell lines tested. These results suggest that the increased β1,6-GlcNAc-bearing N-glycan expression found in malignant gliomas is modulated by GnT-V through the Ets-1 transcription factor, and that the branching of complex type N-glycans plays a major role in glioma invasivity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)134-142
Number of pages9
JournalCancer Research
Volume60
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2000

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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