β1 integrin-dependent binding of Jurkat cells to fibronectin is regulated by a serine-threonine phosphatase

Maria Cristina Seminario, Sherry A. Sterbinsky, Bruce S. Bochner*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

We investigated the effects of signaling molecule inhibitors on the expression and function of b1 integrins in Jurkat cells. Jurkat cells expressed α4β1 and α5β, with significant levels of constitutively activated β1 integrins as assessed by labeling with mAb 15/7 that distinguishes between activation states. Adhesion to fibronectin (Fn) was mediated equally through α4 and α5 subunits, and was potentiated by the β1 integrin activating mAb 8A2. Fn adhesion was decreased by okadaic acid through effects on both α4β1 and α5β1. Tyrphostin A23 also decreased adhesion but was less potent. Neither inhibitor had any effect on the surface expression of total or activated β1 integrins. The effect of tyrphostin was completely reversed by 8A2; the effect of okadaic acid was only partially reversed. Using Calyculin A, we determined that Jurkat adhesion to Fn was regulated via protein phosphatase 1, independent of the levels of integrins or integrin activation epitopes. Activation of Jurkat cells with a CD3- stimulating mAb enhanced adhesion to Fn and was partially blocked by okadaic acid. These data demonstrate different regulatory pathways for constitutive versus activation-dependent adhesion via β1 integrins, and implicate both tyrosine kinases and serine-threonine phosphatases in integrin function.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)753-758
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Leukocyte Biology
Volume64
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1998

Keywords

  • Adhesion
  • Calyculin A
  • Okadaic acid
  • Signal transduction
  • T lymphocytes
  • Tyrphostin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology
  • Cell Biology

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