γ’-(L12) precipitate evolution during isothermal aging of a Co–Al–W–Ni superalloy

Daniel J. Sauza, David C Dunand*, Ronald D. Noebe, David N Seidman

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The coarsening kinetics and elemental partitioning behavior of γ’-(L12) precipitates in a γ(f.c.c.)-matrix for a model quaternary Co-8.8Al-8.9W-9.9Ni at.% superalloy are investigated utilizing isothermal aging conditions at 650, 800 and 900 °C. The γ′-precipitate mean radius, number density, and volume fraction, at 800 and 900 °C, were studied using scanning electron microscopy; the calculated temporal exponents associated with coarsening of γ′-precipitates display good agreement with model predictions for quasi-stationary coarsening. An atom probe tomographic (APT) investigation of the aged γ/γ′ microstructure at 650 °C demonstrates that the compositions and volume fractions of both phases vary continuously up to 4096 h. The aged microstructure at 650 °C consists of interconnected nanoscale γ′-precipitates, corroborated utilizing SEM for the 4096 h aged-specimen. The activation energy for coarsening is estimated for the temperature range 650–900 °C to be 283 kJ mol−1, in reasonable agreement with activation energies for diffusion of Al, W, and Ni in Co, suggesting that coarsening of γ′-precipitates is limited by bulk-diffusion. APT measurements of specimens aged for 1024 h at 800 and 900 °C demonstrate that the isothermal aging temperature has a significant effect on the compositions and partitioning behavior of Co, Al, W and Ni between the γ- and γ′-phases. The partitioning ratio of the concentrations between the γ′- and γ-phases is largest for W, decreasing linearly from 5.3 ± 0.1 at 650 °C to 2.1 ± 1.2 at 900 °C, and smallest for Co, decreasing from 0.86 ± 0.01 at 650 °C to 0.73 ± 0.01 at 900 °C.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)654-662
Number of pages9
JournalActa Materialia
Volume164
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2019

Fingerprint

Coarsening
Superalloys
Precipitates
Aging of materials
Volume fraction
Activation energy
Atoms
Microstructure
Scanning electron microscopy
Chemical analysis
Temperature
Kinetics

Keywords

  • Atom-probe tomography (APT)
  • Coarsening kinetics
  • Cobalt-base superalloys
  • Microstructure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Metals and Alloys

Cite this

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title = "γ’-(L12) precipitate evolution during isothermal aging of a Co–Al–W–Ni superalloy",
abstract = "The coarsening kinetics and elemental partitioning behavior of γ’-(L12) precipitates in a γ(f.c.c.)-matrix for a model quaternary Co-8.8Al-8.9W-9.9Ni at.{\%} superalloy are investigated utilizing isothermal aging conditions at 650, 800 and 900 °C. The γ′-precipitate mean radius, number density, and volume fraction, at 800 and 900 °C, were studied using scanning electron microscopy; the calculated temporal exponents associated with coarsening of γ′-precipitates display good agreement with model predictions for quasi-stationary coarsening. An atom probe tomographic (APT) investigation of the aged γ/γ′ microstructure at 650 °C demonstrates that the compositions and volume fractions of both phases vary continuously up to 4096 h. The aged microstructure at 650 °C consists of interconnected nanoscale γ′-precipitates, corroborated utilizing SEM for the 4096 h aged-specimen. The activation energy for coarsening is estimated for the temperature range 650–900 °C to be 283 kJ mol−1, in reasonable agreement with activation energies for diffusion of Al, W, and Ni in Co, suggesting that coarsening of γ′-precipitates is limited by bulk-diffusion. APT measurements of specimens aged for 1024 h at 800 and 900 °C demonstrate that the isothermal aging temperature has a significant effect on the compositions and partitioning behavior of Co, Al, W and Ni between the γ- and γ′-phases. The partitioning ratio of the concentrations between the γ′- and γ-phases is largest for W, decreasing linearly from 5.3 ± 0.1 at 650 °C to 2.1 ± 1.2 at 900 °C, and smallest for Co, decreasing from 0.86 ± 0.01 at 650 °C to 0.73 ± 0.01 at 900 °C.",
keywords = "Atom-probe tomography (APT), Coarsening kinetics, Cobalt-base superalloys, Microstructure",
author = "Sauza, {Daniel J.} and Dunand, {David C} and Noebe, {Ronald D.} and Seidman, {David N}",
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γ’-(L12) precipitate evolution during isothermal aging of a Co–Al–W–Ni superalloy. / Sauza, Daniel J.; Dunand, David C; Noebe, Ronald D.; Seidman, David N.

In: Acta Materialia, Vol. 164, 01.02.2019, p. 654-662.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - γ’-(L12) precipitate evolution during isothermal aging of a Co–Al–W–Ni superalloy

AU - Sauza, Daniel J.

AU - Dunand, David C

AU - Noebe, Ronald D.

AU - Seidman, David N

PY - 2019/2/1

Y1 - 2019/2/1

N2 - The coarsening kinetics and elemental partitioning behavior of γ’-(L12) precipitates in a γ(f.c.c.)-matrix for a model quaternary Co-8.8Al-8.9W-9.9Ni at.% superalloy are investigated utilizing isothermal aging conditions at 650, 800 and 900 °C. The γ′-precipitate mean radius, number density, and volume fraction, at 800 and 900 °C, were studied using scanning electron microscopy; the calculated temporal exponents associated with coarsening of γ′-precipitates display good agreement with model predictions for quasi-stationary coarsening. An atom probe tomographic (APT) investigation of the aged γ/γ′ microstructure at 650 °C demonstrates that the compositions and volume fractions of both phases vary continuously up to 4096 h. The aged microstructure at 650 °C consists of interconnected nanoscale γ′-precipitates, corroborated utilizing SEM for the 4096 h aged-specimen. The activation energy for coarsening is estimated for the temperature range 650–900 °C to be 283 kJ mol−1, in reasonable agreement with activation energies for diffusion of Al, W, and Ni in Co, suggesting that coarsening of γ′-precipitates is limited by bulk-diffusion. APT measurements of specimens aged for 1024 h at 800 and 900 °C demonstrate that the isothermal aging temperature has a significant effect on the compositions and partitioning behavior of Co, Al, W and Ni between the γ- and γ′-phases. The partitioning ratio of the concentrations between the γ′- and γ-phases is largest for W, decreasing linearly from 5.3 ± 0.1 at 650 °C to 2.1 ± 1.2 at 900 °C, and smallest for Co, decreasing from 0.86 ± 0.01 at 650 °C to 0.73 ± 0.01 at 900 °C.

AB - The coarsening kinetics and elemental partitioning behavior of γ’-(L12) precipitates in a γ(f.c.c.)-matrix for a model quaternary Co-8.8Al-8.9W-9.9Ni at.% superalloy are investigated utilizing isothermal aging conditions at 650, 800 and 900 °C. The γ′-precipitate mean radius, number density, and volume fraction, at 800 and 900 °C, were studied using scanning electron microscopy; the calculated temporal exponents associated with coarsening of γ′-precipitates display good agreement with model predictions for quasi-stationary coarsening. An atom probe tomographic (APT) investigation of the aged γ/γ′ microstructure at 650 °C demonstrates that the compositions and volume fractions of both phases vary continuously up to 4096 h. The aged microstructure at 650 °C consists of interconnected nanoscale γ′-precipitates, corroborated utilizing SEM for the 4096 h aged-specimen. The activation energy for coarsening is estimated for the temperature range 650–900 °C to be 283 kJ mol−1, in reasonable agreement with activation energies for diffusion of Al, W, and Ni in Co, suggesting that coarsening of γ′-precipitates is limited by bulk-diffusion. APT measurements of specimens aged for 1024 h at 800 and 900 °C demonstrate that the isothermal aging temperature has a significant effect on the compositions and partitioning behavior of Co, Al, W and Ni between the γ- and γ′-phases. The partitioning ratio of the concentrations between the γ′- and γ-phases is largest for W, decreasing linearly from 5.3 ± 0.1 at 650 °C to 2.1 ± 1.2 at 900 °C, and smallest for Co, decreasing from 0.86 ± 0.01 at 650 °C to 0.73 ± 0.01 at 900 °C.

KW - Atom-probe tomography (APT)

KW - Coarsening kinetics

KW - Cobalt-base superalloys

KW - Microstructure

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