1α,25-Dihydroxyvitamin D3 regulates the expression of Id1 and Id2 genes and the angiogenic phenotype of human colon carcinoma cells

Nuria Isabel Fernandez-Garcia, Hector G. Palmer, Marta Garcia, Alicia Gonzalez-Martin, Marcela Del Rio, Domingo Barettino, Olga Volpert, Alberto Muñoz, Benilde Jimenez*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

85 Scopus citations

Abstract

1α,25-Dihydroxyvitamin D3 (1α,25(OH) 2D3) has antitumor activity in addition to its classical action on calcium metabolism and bone tissue biology. It is thought to regulate the expression of multiple target genes and thus modulate processes critical for tumor growth and metastases. Here we show that 1α,25(OH) 2D3 differentially regulates the expression of Id1 and Id2 genes, members of a family of transcriptional regulators of cell proliferation and differentiation. 1α,25(OH)2D3 induced epithelial differentiation in SW480-ADH human colon carcinoma cell line by promoting expression of the proteins implicated in adherent junction formation, including E-cadherin, and by inhibiting β-catenin transcriptional activity. 1α,25(OH)2D3 activated the human Id1 gene promoter and rapidly induced Id1 RNA and protein. Ectopic overexpression of Id1 was not sufficient to induce E-cadherin, which was critical for the morphological changes induced by 1α,25(OH)2D3 in SW480-ADH cells. Conversely, Id2 transcription rate, RNA and protein levels were decreased by 1α,25(OH)2D3. Id2 downregulation by 1α,25(OH)2D3 mediated the antiproliferative effect of 1α,25(OH)2D3 on SW480-ADH cells. In addition, we showed that 1α,25(OH)2D3 changed the levels of the inducer of angiogenesis, vascular endothelial growth factor and the potent antiangiogenic factor thrombospondin-1, leading to a balanced change in the angiogenic potential of SW480-ADH human colon carcinoma cells.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)6533-6544
Number of pages12
JournalOncogene
Volume24
Issue number43
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 29 2005

Keywords

  • 1α,25(OH)D
  • Angiogenesis
  • Colon carcinoma
  • E-cadherin
  • Id

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics
  • Cancer Research

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