1,25-Dihydroxyvitamin D3 stimulates interleukin-2 production by a T cell lymphoma line (MLA-144) cultured in vitamin D-deficient rat serum

T. Haverty, J. G. Haddad, E. G. Neilson

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6 Scopus citations

Abstract

A lymphocyte T cell line (MLA-144), which constitutively secretes interleukin-2 (IL-2), was shown to express receptors for 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (1,25(OH)2D3). The proliferation of an IL-2-dependent cell line (HT-2) in response to supernatants from MLA-144 cells was employed as an index of IL-2 production by MLA-144 cells. IL-2 production was two fold higher from MLA-144 cells cultured in 2% vitamin D-deficient rat serum compared to 10% fetal calf serum (FCS). The addition of 1,25(OH)2D3 at 10-15 M of 10-11 M augmented IL-2 production by MLA-144 cells in vitamin D-deficient rat serum, but not in fetal calf serum. At 10-7 M 1,25(OH)2D3 there was inhibition of IL-2 production by MLA-144 cells in either vitamin D-deficient serum or FCS. There was no effect of 1,25(OH)2D3 added directly to HT-2 cells. Monoclonal antibody to the IL-2 receptor competitively inhibited the proliferation of HT-2 cells in response to MLA-144 supernatants, suggesting that it was IL-2 from the MLA-144 supernatants which influenced HT-2 proliferation. Our findings demonstrate biphasic dose effects of 1,25(OH)2D3 on lymphokine secretion. The use of vitamin D-deficient rat serum allowed us to demonstrate the effects of 1,25(OH)2D3 in the physiologic and subphysiologic range.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)177-182
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Leukocyte Biology
Volume41
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jan 1 1987

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology

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