1,3-Adamantane−3,13-Porphyrin−6,6-Cyclophane: Crystal Structure of the Free Base and Steric Effects on Ligation of the Iron(II) Complex

T. G. Traylor, N. Koga, L. A. Deardurff, Paul N. Swepston, Janies A. Ibers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

47 Scopus citations


The coupling of 1,3-adamantanediacetyl chloride to 8,18-bis(2-carbobenzoxyethyl)-3,13-bis(o-aminopropyl)- 2,7,12,17-tetramethylporphyrin affords l,3-adamantane−3,13-porphyrin−6,6-cyclophane. The material crystallizes as the bis(dichloromethane) solvate, C64H72N6O6·2CH2Cl2, in space group Cli-P of the triclinic system with two formula units in a cell of dimensions a = 15.858 (28) Å, b = 17.779 (32) Å, c = 12.970 (24) Å, α = 109.62 (6)°, β = 97.88 (7)°, γ = 114.18 (7)°, and V = 2977 Å3. The structure was described by 742 variables, and at convergence of the full-matrix least-squares refinement the values of R and Rw(on F2, 7749 unique data) are 0.093 and 0.168. The conventional R index on F for 5489 reflections having F°2> 3σ(F2) is 0.065. The porphyrin macrocycle is approximately planar, with the mean displacement from the 24-atom plane being 0.038 Å and the maximum displacement being 0.101 (4) Å. As a whole, the molecule is relatively unstrained. In the solid state the adamantane bridge has an offset orientation relative to the plane of the porphyrin and short intramolecular contacts that indicate no free cavity between the strap and the porphyrin. NMR spectroscopic results show that in solution the adamantane flips rapidly between two asymmetric orientations. The (dicyclohexylimidazole)iron(II) complex of the porphyrin binds CO, O2, and isocyanides with greatly reduced affinities compared with open heme compounds. A small steric differentiation between CO and O2is demonstrated, and variations in the magnitude of steric effects are found to depend upon the nature of the hindering group.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5132-5143
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
Issue number18
StatePublished - Sep 1 1984

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • General Chemistry
  • Biochemistry
  • Colloid and Surface Chemistry


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