Cadherin-11 (cad-11) is a novel member of the cadherin gene superfamily of calcium-dependent cell adhesion molecules. To date, the factors capable of regulating this cell adhesion molecule remain poorly characterized. We have recently determined that cad-11 expression in the human endometrium is tightly regulated during the menstrual cycle. The spatiotemporal expression of cad-11 in the stromal cells of the human endometrium during the menstrual cycle suggests that gonadal steroids regulate the expression of this endometrial cell adhesion molecule. In view of these observations, we have examined the ability of progestins, estrogens, and androgens, alone or in combination, to regulate cad-11 expression in isolated human endometrial stromal cells using Northern and Western blot analyses. In these studies, we have determined that progesterone, but not 17beta-estradiol or dihydrotestosterone, is capable of regulating cad-11 messenger RNA and protein expression levels in isolated endometrial stromal cells. In addition, 17beta-estradiol, but not dihydrotestosterone, was capable of potentiating the stimulatory effects of progesterone in a dose-dependent manner. Taken together, these observations suggest that both 17beta-estradiol and progesterone are required for maximal cad-11 expression in human endometrial stromal cells in vitro.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|State||Published - Aug 1 1998|
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