Purpose: To determine the response rate to 2-chlorodeoxyadenosine (2-CdA; cladribine) in patients with advanced indolent non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) who fail to respond to or progress after a response to standard chemotherapy drugs. Patients and Methods: Twenty-one patients were treated with at least one cycle of 2-CdA 0.1 mg/kg/d by continuous infusion for 5 or 7 days. Results: The overall response rate (complete response [CR] and partial response [PR]) was nine of 21 patients (43%; 95% confidence interval, 22% to 64%). Unmaintained durable responses (longest follow-up, 29+ months) have been observed. The treatment was well tolerated by all patients. The major toxicity was related to myelosuppression (predominantly neutropenia) and immunosuppression with infection. Conclusion: The purine analog 2-CdA is an active salvage therapy in pretreated patients with indolent NHL, and deserves further assessment in untreated patients and in combination with other chemotherapy agents.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research