30-minute CMR for common clinical indications: a Society for Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance white paper

Subha V. Raman*, Michael Markl, Amit R. Patel, Jennifer Bryant, Bradley D. Allen, Sven Plein, Nicole Seiberlich

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations


Background: Despite decades of accruing evidence supporting the clinical utility of cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR), adoption of CMR in routine cardiovascular practice remains limited in many regions of the world. Persistent use of long scan times of 60 min or more contributes to limited adoption, though techniques available on most scanners afford routine CMR examination within 30 min. Incorporating such techniques into standardize protocols can answer common clinical questions in daily practice, including those related to heart failure, cardiomyopathy, ventricular arrhythmia, ischemic heart disease, and non-ischemic myocardial injury. Body: In this white paper, we describe CMR protocols of 30 min or shorter duration with routine techniques with or without stress perfusion, plus specific approaches in patient and scanner room preparation for efficiency. Minimum requirements for the scanner gradient system, coil hardware and pulse sequences are detailed. Recent advances such as quantitative myocardial mapping and other add-on acquisitions can be incorporated into the proposed protocols without significant extension of scan duration for most patients. Conclusion: Common questions in clinical cardiovascular practice can be answered in routine CMR protocols under 30 min; their incorporation warrants consideration to facilitate increased access to CMR worldwide.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number13
JournalJournal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance
Issue number1
StatePublished - Dec 2022


  • Cardiomyopathy
  • Cardiovascular magnetic resonance
  • Clinical practice
  • Ischemic heart disease
  • Magnetic resonance imaging
  • Myocarditis
  • Ventricular arrhythmia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Family Practice
  • Radiological and Ultrasound Technology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging


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