3D morphological evolution of porous titanium by x-ray micro- and nano-tomography

Yu Chen Karen Chen-Wiegart, Takeshi Wada, Nikita Butakov, Xianghui Xiao, Francesco De Carlo, Hidemi Kato, Jun Wang*, David C Dunand, Eric Maire

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

41 Scopus citations


The 3D morphological evolution of titanium foams as they undergo a two-step fabrication process is quantitatively characterized through x-ray micro- and nano-tomography. In the first process step, a Cu-Ti-Cr-Zr prealloy is immersed in liquid Mg, where Cu is alloyed with Mg while a skeleton of crystalline Ti-Cr-Zr is created. In the second step, the Mg-Cu phase is etched in acid, leaving a Ti-Cr-Zr foam with submicron struts. 3D images of these solidified Ti-Cr-Zr/Mg-Cu composites and leached Ti-Cr-Zr foams are acquired after 5, 10, and 30 min exposure to liquid Mg. As the Mg exposure time increases, the Ti-Cr-Zr ligaments grow in size. The tortuosity loosely follows the Bruggeman relation. The interfacial surface distribution of these Ti-foams is qualitatively similar to other nano-porous metal prepared by one-step dealloying. The characteristic length of the Mg-Cu phase and pores are also reported.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2444-2452
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Materials Research
Issue number17
StatePublished - Sep 14 2013

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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