3D numerical simulation of seagrass movement under waves and currents with GPUSPH

Anne Eléonore Paquier, Thibault Oudart, Caroline Le Bouteiller, Samuel Meulé, Philippe Larroudé*, Robert A. Dalrymple

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


The current study tries a new approach to simulating interactions between waves and seagrass through Smoothed Particle Hydrodynamics (SPH). In this model, the plants are defined as a solid that respects Hooke's law, and are assumed to have direct interaction with the fluid. Given the characteristics of the SPH method, especially in terms of computational time, the dimensions of the simulations were limited. The first goal of the current study was to optimize the approach to avoid reaching certain limits such as the rupture of the simulated plant. Plant movements under waves and/or currents have been studied by several authors in various in-situ, physical, and numerical experiments concerning various vegetation species, thus proving that plant movements can be successfully reproduced by SPH 2D/3D. Manning's roughness coefficient, n, was calculated to confirm that the results were in accordance with what had been measured in flume studies. Even though there is still room for improvement, it is shown that this method can be used to estimate Manning's coefficient for coastal vegetation (seagrass and saltmarsh vegetation) and to greatly improve the modeling and forecasting of coastal erosion and storm surge risks by including the effects of vegetation in integrated models.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)711-722
Number of pages12
JournalInternational Journal of Sediment Research
Issue number6
StatePublished - Dec 2021
Externally publishedYes


  • Current
  • Fluid structure interaction
  • Numerical seagrass movement
  • Waves

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geology
  • Stratigraphy


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