3D tumor tissue analogs and their orthotopic implants for understanding tumor-targeting of microenvironment-responsive nanosized chemotherapy and radiation

Pallavi Sethi, Amar Jyoti, Elden P. Swindell, Ryan Chan, Ulrich W. Langner, Jonathan M. Feddock, Radhakrishnan Nagarajan, Thomas V. O'Halloran, Meenakshi Upreti*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations

Abstract

An appropriate representation of the tumor microenvironment in tumor models can have a pronounced impact on directing combinatorial treatment strategies and cancer nanotherapeutics. The present study develops a novel 3D co-culture spheroid model (3D TNBC) incorporating tumor cells, endothelial cells and fibroblasts as color-coded murine tumor tissue analogs (TTA) to better represent the tumor milieu of triple negative breast cancer in vitro. Implantation of TTA orthotopically in nude mice, resulted in enhanced growth and aggressive metastasis to ectopic sites. Subsequently, the utility of the model is demonstrated for preferential targeting of irradiated tumor endothelial cells via radiation-induced stromal enrichment of galectin-1 using anginex conjugated nanoparticles (nanobins) carrying arsenic trioxide and cisplatin. Demonstration of a multimodal nanotherapeutic system and inclusion of the biological response to radiation using an in vitro/. in vivo tumor model incorporating characteristics of tumor microenvironment presents an advance in preclinical evaluation of existing and novel cancer nanotherapies. From the Clinical Editor: Existing in-vivo tumor models are established by implanting tumor cells into nude mice. Here, the authors described their approach 3D spheres containing tumor cells, enodothelial cells and fibroblasts. This would mimic tumor micro-environment more realistically. This interesting 3D model should reflect more accurately tumor response to various drugs and would enable the design of new treatment modalities.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2013-2023
Number of pages11
JournalNanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology, and Medicine
Volume11
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2015

Keywords

  • 3 dimensional triple negative breast cancer (3D TNBC) model
  • 3D co-cultures
  • Galectin-1
  • Targeted nanoparticle
  • Tumor cell spheroids
  • Tumor microenvironment
  • Tumor tissue analogs (TTA)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering
  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Pharmaceutical Science

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