4. Spine and head injuries

Cedric K. Akau*, Joel M. Press, Judy L. Gooch

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


This self-directed learning module highlights important aspects of athletic spine and head injuries. It is part of the chapter on sports medicine in the Self-Directed Medical Knowledge Program for practitioners and trainees in physical medicine and rehabilitation. This article covers the presentation, pathomechanics, and classification of common and important cervical and lumbar injuries. Sports participation criteria for children with spine deformities are discussed. In addition, a description of the degrees of concussion, the general guidelines for return to play after a sports-related head injury, and postconcussion sequelae are reviewed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)S443-S446
JournalArchives of physical medicine and rehabilitation
Issue number5 SUPPL.
StatePublished - May 1993
Externally publishedYes


  • Cervical spine
  • Concussion
  • Lumbar spine
  • Sports injuries

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
  • Rehabilitation


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