4D flow MRI

Sebastian Schmitter*, Susanne Schnell

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

2 Scopus citations


4D flow is a unique technique to measure the in vivo blood velocity vector spatially and temporally resolved. It allows deriving important hemodynamic parameters such as peak velocity, net flow, wall shear stress, and others, which are important parameters for a large range of diseases. This chapter will cover the basic techniques of MR velocity encoding, current acquisition strategies and practical aspects, post-processing of the acquired data, current limitations, and an overview of current and future research directions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationQuantification of Biophysical Parameters in Medical Imaging
PublisherSpringer International Publishing
Number of pages26
ISBN (Electronic)9783319659244
ISBN (Print)9783319659237
StatePublished - Feb 21 2018

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Health Professions(all)

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