4D flow MRI derived aortic hemodynamics multi-year follow-up in repaired coarctation with bicuspid aortic valve

Gilles Soulat*, Michael B. Scott, Ashitha Pathrose, Kelly Jarvis, Haben Berhane, Bradley Allen, Ryan Avery, Alejandro Roldan Alsate, Cynthia K. Rigsby, Michael Markl

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationships between hemodynamic parameters and longitudinal changes in aortic dimensions on four-dimensional (4D) flow magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in patients with bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) and repaired coarctation. Materials and methods: The study retrospectively included patients with BAV and childhood coarctation repair who had at least two cardiothoracic MRI examinations including 4D flow MRI at baseline and follow-up. Analysis included the calculation of aortic peak velocities, wall shear stress (WSS), pulse wave velocity (PWV), aortic dimensions and annual growth rates. Differences between examinations were assessed using paired t-test or Wilcoxon signed rank test. Relationships between growth rate and 4D flow metrics were assessed using Pearson or Spearman correlation tests. Results: The cohort included 15 patients (mean age 35 ± 8 [SD] years, 9 men) with a median follow-up time of 3.98 years (Q1: 2.10; Q3: 4.96). There were no significant differences in aortic mean WSS, peak velocities, and PWV between baseline and follow-up values. Greater baseline peak velocities at the site of the coarctation were strongly associated with aortic narrowing (follow-up vs. baseline diameter) at coarctation zone (r = -0.64; P = 0.010) and moderately in descending aorta (r = -0.53; P = 0.042). In addition, increased baseline WSS in the aortic arch was strongly related with narrowing of the coarctation zone at follow-up (r = -0.64, P = 0.011). Conclusion: Measures of aortic hemodynamics and aortic WSS are stable over time in patients with BAV with coarctation repair. Increased peak velocity was associated with a progressive narrowing at the site of the coarctation repair.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)418-426
Number of pages9
JournalDiagnostic and interventional imaging
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 2022


  • 4D flow magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
  • Aortic coarctation
  • Bicuspid aortic valve disease

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiological and Ultrasound Technology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging


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