A 25 kDa polypeptide is the ligand for p185neu and is secreted by activated macrophages

Alexander Tarakhovsky, Tatiana Zaichuk, Vladimir Prassolov, Zoya A. Butenko

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

32 Scopus citations


Medium conditioned by mouse peritoneal macrophages, activated by muramyl dipeptide (MDP), was used as a possible source of p185neu-specific ligand. MDP-activated macrophage-conditioned medium (MDP-CM) was shown to induce p185neu down-regulation in NEU-expressing NIH3T3 cells in a dose-dependent and temperature-sensitive manner. To exclude the possibility of an indirect action of proteins/metabolites present in MDP-CM on p185neu turnover, a ligand-trapping approach was used. Secreted NEU protein possessing only the extracellular domain but lacking transmembrane and protein kinase domains was expressed in HeLa cells and then purified from conditioned medium, using affinity chromatography on WGA-sepharose. Co-incubation of the truncated, soluble NEU protein preparation with MDP-CM abolished MDP-CM-induced p185neu down-regulation and reduced self-phosphorylation. It is concluded that a putative p185neu-specific ligand is produced by macrophages activated by MDP. Using MDP-CM, the presence of a 25 kDa polypeptide, distinct from EGF, PDGF, FGF, IGF, TGF-α and TGF-β and TNF-α, could be demonstrated by decorating a Western blot with soluble NEU and anti-NEU antibodies. Thus, a 25kDa (non-reduced) p185neu ligand has been described.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2187-2196
Number of pages10
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 1 1991

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics
  • Cancer Research


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