A Brief Dermatology Curriculum in Skin Cancer Detection and Prevention to Improve Medical Student Knowledge and Confidence

Elsy Compres, Kassandra Holzem, Erin Ibler, Jennifer A. Bierman, Alfred W. Rademaker, Roopal V. Kundu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Introduction: While the incidence of skin cancers continues to rise, there remains a disproportionate lack of introductory training on skin cancer screening and identification of modifiable behaviors in medical curricula. Trainees and students have cited low confidence in their ability to counsel patients and lack of instruction as barriers. Methods: To address this need, we created a 1-hour didactic lecture based on a cognitive teaching framework for third-year medical students during their core primary care clerkship. The session highlighted visual identification of different skin cancers, factors increasing individual risk, and photoprotective behaviors. Session content was based on American Academy of Dermatology recommendations for skin cancer prevention. An assessment of knowledge, behaviors, and attitudes given before, immediately following, and at 6 months after the session was used to determine efficacy. Results: One hundred eight students before and immediately after the session demonstrated significantly improved knowledge (mean correct: 71% presession vs. 99% postintervention, p < .0001). Based on 39 participants completing 6-month follow-up, knowledge remained improved (mean answered correctly: 80%, p < .0001). Confidence in patient counseling on preventive behaviors, risk assessment, and reported likelihood of counseling significantly increased across the three time points (p < .0001 for all attitude questions). Specific topics included appropriate referral to a dermatologist, sunscreen application, and dangers of indoor tanning bed usage. Discussion: Our session on skin cancer screening and prevention demonstrated improvements in medical student knowledge, confidence, and patient counseling likelihood. This introductory curriculum could be adapted for multiple core clerkships or specialties.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)11049
Number of pages1
JournalMedEdPORTAL : the journal of teaching and learning resources
Volume16
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 29 2020

Keywords

  • Attitudes
  • Behaviors
  • Dermatology
  • Knowledge
  • Oncology
  • Patient Counseling
  • Preventive Medicine
  • Primary Care
  • Skin Cancer
  • Sun-Protective Behaviors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'A Brief Dermatology Curriculum in Skin Cancer Detection and Prevention to Improve Medical Student Knowledge and Confidence'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this