A Brief Intervention to Promote Conflict Reappraisal Preserves Marital Quality Over Time

Eli J Finkel, Erica B. Slotter, Laura B. Luchies, Gregory M. Walton, James J. Gross

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

82 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Marital quality is a major contributor to happiness and health. Unfortunately, marital quality normatively declines over time. We tested whether a novel 21-min intervention designed to foster the reappraisal of marital conflicts could preserve marital quality in a sample of 120 couples enrolled in an intensive 2-year study. Half of the couples were randomly assigned to receive the reappraisal intervention in Year 2 (following no intervention in Year 1); half were not. Both groups exhibited declines in marital quality over Year 1. This decline continued in Year 2 among couples in the control condition, but it was eliminated among couples in the reappraisal condition. This effect of the reappraisal intervention on marital quality over time was mediated through reductions in conflict-related distress over time. This study illustrates the potential of brief, theory-based, social-psychological interventions to preserve the quality of intimate relationships over time.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1595-1601
Number of pages7
JournalPsychological Science
Volume24
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2013

Fingerprint

Family Conflict
Happiness
Psychology
Conflict (Psychology)
Health
Social Theory
Psychological Intervention
Intimate Relationships

Keywords

  • emotion regulation
  • emotional reappraisal
  • marriage
  • relationship quality
  • social-psychological intervention

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)

Cite this

Finkel, Eli J ; Slotter, Erica B. ; Luchies, Laura B. ; Walton, Gregory M. ; Gross, James J. / A Brief Intervention to Promote Conflict Reappraisal Preserves Marital Quality Over Time. In: Psychological Science. 2013 ; Vol. 24, No. 8. pp. 1595-1601.
@article{4668349ca0da443786be9e133200ab46,
title = "A Brief Intervention to Promote Conflict Reappraisal Preserves Marital Quality Over Time",
abstract = "Marital quality is a major contributor to happiness and health. Unfortunately, marital quality normatively declines over time. We tested whether a novel 21-min intervention designed to foster the reappraisal of marital conflicts could preserve marital quality in a sample of 120 couples enrolled in an intensive 2-year study. Half of the couples were randomly assigned to receive the reappraisal intervention in Year 2 (following no intervention in Year 1); half were not. Both groups exhibited declines in marital quality over Year 1. This decline continued in Year 2 among couples in the control condition, but it was eliminated among couples in the reappraisal condition. This effect of the reappraisal intervention on marital quality over time was mediated through reductions in conflict-related distress over time. This study illustrates the potential of brief, theory-based, social-psychological interventions to preserve the quality of intimate relationships over time.",
keywords = "emotion regulation, emotional reappraisal, marriage, relationship quality, social-psychological intervention",
author = "Finkel, {Eli J} and Slotter, {Erica B.} and Luchies, {Laura B.} and Walton, {Gregory M.} and Gross, {James J.}",
year = "2013",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1177/0956797612474938",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "24",
pages = "1595--1601",
journal = "Psychological Science",
issn = "0956-7976",
publisher = "SAGE Publications Inc.",
number = "8",

}

A Brief Intervention to Promote Conflict Reappraisal Preserves Marital Quality Over Time. / Finkel, Eli J; Slotter, Erica B.; Luchies, Laura B.; Walton, Gregory M.; Gross, James J.

In: Psychological Science, Vol. 24, No. 8, 01.01.2013, p. 1595-1601.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - A Brief Intervention to Promote Conflict Reappraisal Preserves Marital Quality Over Time

AU - Finkel, Eli J

AU - Slotter, Erica B.

AU - Luchies, Laura B.

AU - Walton, Gregory M.

AU - Gross, James J.

PY - 2013/1/1

Y1 - 2013/1/1

N2 - Marital quality is a major contributor to happiness and health. Unfortunately, marital quality normatively declines over time. We tested whether a novel 21-min intervention designed to foster the reappraisal of marital conflicts could preserve marital quality in a sample of 120 couples enrolled in an intensive 2-year study. Half of the couples were randomly assigned to receive the reappraisal intervention in Year 2 (following no intervention in Year 1); half were not. Both groups exhibited declines in marital quality over Year 1. This decline continued in Year 2 among couples in the control condition, but it was eliminated among couples in the reappraisal condition. This effect of the reappraisal intervention on marital quality over time was mediated through reductions in conflict-related distress over time. This study illustrates the potential of brief, theory-based, social-psychological interventions to preserve the quality of intimate relationships over time.

AB - Marital quality is a major contributor to happiness and health. Unfortunately, marital quality normatively declines over time. We tested whether a novel 21-min intervention designed to foster the reappraisal of marital conflicts could preserve marital quality in a sample of 120 couples enrolled in an intensive 2-year study. Half of the couples were randomly assigned to receive the reappraisal intervention in Year 2 (following no intervention in Year 1); half were not. Both groups exhibited declines in marital quality over Year 1. This decline continued in Year 2 among couples in the control condition, but it was eliminated among couples in the reappraisal condition. This effect of the reappraisal intervention on marital quality over time was mediated through reductions in conflict-related distress over time. This study illustrates the potential of brief, theory-based, social-psychological interventions to preserve the quality of intimate relationships over time.

KW - emotion regulation

KW - emotional reappraisal

KW - marriage

KW - relationship quality

KW - social-psychological intervention

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84881221318&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84881221318&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1177/0956797612474938

DO - 10.1177/0956797612474938

M3 - Article

VL - 24

SP - 1595

EP - 1601

JO - Psychological Science

T2 - Psychological Science

JF - Psychological Science

SN - 0956-7976

IS - 8

ER -