A cell signal pathway involving laminin-5, α3β1 integrin, and mitogen- activated protein kinase can regulate epithelial cell proliferation

Meredith Gonzales, Keith Haan, Scott E. Baker, Mark Fitchmun, Ivan Todorov, Sigmund Weitzman, Jonathan C R Jones

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

108 Scopus citations

Abstract

Laminin-5 (LN5) is a matrix component of epithelial tissue basement membranes and plays an important role in the initiation and maintenance of epithelial cell anchorage to the underlying connective tissue. Here we show that two distinct LN5 function-inhibitory antibodies, both of which bind the globular domain of the α3 subunit, inhibit proliferation of epithelial cells. These same antibodies also induce a decrease in mitogen-activated protein kinase activity. Inhibition of proliferation by the function- perturbing LN5 antibodies is reversed upon removal of the antibodies and can be overcome by providing the antibody-treated cells with exogenous LN5 and rat tail collagen. Because epithelial cells use the integrin receptor α3β1 to interact with both LN5 and rat tail collagen, we next investigated the possibility that integrin α3β1 is involved in mediating the proliferative impact of LN5. Proliferation of human epithelial cells is significantly inhibited by a function-perturbing α3 integrin antibody. In addition, antibody activation of β1 integrin restores the proliferation of epithelial cells treated with LN5 function-perturbing antibodies. These data indicate that a complex comprising LN5 and α3β1 integrin is multifunctional and contributes not only to epithelial cell adhesion but also to the regulation of cell growth via a signaling pathway involving mitogen-activated protein kinase. We discuss our study in light of recent evidence that LN5 expression is up-regulated at the leading tips of tumors, where it may play a role in tumor cell proliferation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)259-270
Number of pages12
JournalMolecular biology of the cell
Volume10
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1999

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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