A cold nearby cloud inside the local bubble

David M. Meyer*, J. T. Lauroesch, Carl Heiles, J. E.G. Peek, Kyle Engelhorn

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

37 Scopus citations


The high-latitude Galactic H I cloud toward the extragalactic radio source 3C 225 is characterized by very narrow 21 cm emission and absorption indicative of a very low H I spin temperature of about 20 K. Through high-resolution optical spectroscopy, we report the detection of strong, very narrow Na I absorption corresponding to this cloud toward a number of nearby stars. Assuming that the turbulent H I and Na I motions are similar, we derive a cloud temperature of 20-8+6 K (in complete agreement with the 21 cm results) and a line-of-sight turbulent velocity of 0.37 ±0.08 km s-1 from a comparison of the H I and Na I absorption line widths, We also place a firm upper limit of 45 pc on the distance of the cloud, which situates it well inside the Local Bubble in this direction and makes it the nearest known cold diffuse cloud discovered to date.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)L67-L70
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Issue number1 II
StatePublished - Oct 10 2006


  • ISM: atoms
  • ISM: clouds
  • ISM: structure
  • Solar neighborhood

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science


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