A Combined Computational and Experimental Study of Copolymerization Propagation Kinetics for 1-Ethylcyclopentyl methacrylate and Methyl methacrylate

Guozhen Zhang, Lanhe Zhang, Hanyu Gao, Ivan A. Konstantinov, Steven G. Arturo, Decai Yu, John M. Torkelson, Linda J. Broadbelt*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

The crosspropagation of 1-ethylcyclopentyl methacrylate (ECPMA) and methyl methacrylate (MMA) has been studied using a combination of quantum chemistry calculations and experiment. Our computational work utilizes a trimer-to-tetramer reaction model, coupled with an ONIOM (B3LYP/6-31G(2df,p): B3LYP/6-31G(d)) method for geometry optimization and an M06-2X/6-311+G(2df,p) method plus SMD solvation model for single point energy calculations. The results show several trends: the identity of the ultimate unit of a trimer radical affects not only the preferred conformation of the region where the reaction takes place, but also the reactivity of the radical; the addition of an ECPMA monomer to the radicals is generally favored compared to an MMA monomer; the pen-penultimate unit of a trimer radical shows a nonnegligible entropic effect; the penultimate unit effect is implicit for the ECPMA-MMA copolymer system. Finally, terminal model reactivity ratios fitted based on the explicit rate coefficients calculated from the quantum chemical results are compared with those from experimental measurements. The computations not only agree qualitatively with experimentally derived results in terms of the selectivity of ECPMA-MMA crosspropagation, but also give reasonable quantitative predictions of reactivity ratios.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)263-273
Number of pages11
JournalMacromolecular Theory and Simulations
Volume25
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2016

Keywords

  • copolymerization
  • methacrylate
  • penultimate model
  • quantum chemistry
  • reactivity ratio

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Inorganic Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry

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