A common type of the spectrin αI 46-50a-kD peptide abnormality in hereditary elliptocytosis and pyropoikilocytosis is associated with a mutation distant from the proteolytic cleavage site: Evidence for the functional importance of the triple helical model of spectrin

Patrick G. Gallagher, William T. Tse, Theresa Coetzer, Marie Christine Lecomte, Michel Garbarz, Harold S. Zarkowsky, Andre Baruchel, Samir K. Ballas, Didier Dhermy, Jiri Palek, Bernard G. Forget*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Scopus citations

Abstract

We studied nine individuals from five unrelated families with αI/46-50a hereditary elliptocytosis (HE) or hereditary pyropoikilocytosis (HPP), including one of the original HHP probands first reported by Zarkowsky and colleagues (1975. Br. J. Haematol. 29:537-543). Biochemical analysis of erythrocyte membrane proteins from these patients revealed, as a common abnormality, the presence of the αI/46-50a peptide after limited tryptic digestion of spectrin. The polymerase chain reaction was utilized to study the structure of the DNA encoding the αI domain of spectrin in the affected individuals. The DNA sequence of the α-spectrin gene encoding the region of the α-spectrin chain surrounding the abnormal proteolytic cleavage site was normal. We identified a point mutation causing the replacement of a highly conserved leucine residue by proline at position 207 in the α-spectrin chain, a site 51 residues to the amino-terminal side of the abnormal proteolytic cleavage site. Analysis of the proposed triple helical model of spectrin repeats reveals that the mutation occurs in helix 2 at a position directly opposite the abnormal proteolytic cleavage site in helix 3, making this the first report of a mutation occurring in helix 2 of a repeat in the αI domain of spectrin. These results add to the molecular heterogeneity of mutations associated with HE/HPP and provide further support for the proposed triple helical model of spectrin. Disruption of this proposed α-helical structure by helix-breaking proline substitutions may result in a functionally defective spectrin chain.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)892-898
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Clinical Investigation
Volume89
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1992

Keywords

  • Dna sequence
  • Erythrocyte membrane skeleton
  • Hemolytic anemia
  • Polymerase chain reaction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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