A comparison of 30-day complications following plate fixation versus intramedullary nailing of closed extra-articular tibia fractures

Shobhit V. Minhas, Bryant S. Ho, Paul J. Switaj, George Ochenjele, Anish R. Kadakia*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background and purpose Tibial shaft fractures are often treated by intramedullary nailing (IMN) or plate fixation. Our purpose was to compare the 30-day complication rates between IMN and plate fixation of extra-articular tibial fractures. Materials and methods We conducted a retrospective analysis of prospectively collected patient demographics, comorbidities, and 30 day complications of isolated closed extra-articular tibial shaft fractures from 2006 to 2012 using the American College of Surgeon's National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (ACS-NSQIP) database. A 1:2 propensity-matched dataset was created to control for differences in preoperative demographics and comorbidities across the plate fixation and IMN groups. Univariate and multivariate analyses were used to assess differences in complications between the groups and the independent effects of plate fixation or IMN on complications. Results A total of 771 patients were identified with 234 (30.4%) in the plate fixation and 537 (69.6%) in the IMN group. We found no statistical difference in rates of wound complications, medical complications, reoperation, or mortality in our propensity matched analyses. Plate fixation was found to be independently associated with a lower risk of postoperative blood transfusion compared to IMN (odds ratio 0.326, p = 0.032). Plate fixation was not independently associated with any other examined complications. Conclusions We found no difference in 30-day postoperative complications between plate fixation and intramedullary nailing of isolated extra-articular tibia fractures with the exception of decreased postoperative transfusion requirements with plate fixation. We conclude that both procedures offer a similar short-term complication profile.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)734-739
Number of pages6
JournalInjury
Volume46
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2015

Keywords

  • Complications
  • Intramedullary nail
  • NSQIP
  • Plate
  • Tibia fractures

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Emergency Medicine
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

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