In five patients who have experienced anaphylaxis and in 29 patients who have not had such episodes during hemodialysis, we have performed two immunologic studies: cutaneous testing with ethylene oxide-human serum albumin (ETO-HSA) and ELISA for IgE against ETO-HSA. Four of five patients with reactions had positive cutaneous tests, whereas only one nonreactor had a positive skin test (p < 0.0002). The same four of five patients with reactions also had positive ELISA results, whereas three nonreactors has positive ELISA results (p < 0.003). In this group of patients, the positive predictive value of cutaneous testing (80%) is somewhat higher than that of ELISA testing (57%). However, the sensitivity, specificity, and negative predictive values are similar. We conclude that cutaneous testing with ETO-HSA probably offers a small advantage over IgE against ETO-HSA as determined by ELISA.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy