A comparison of three methods of measuring dementia-specific quality of life: Perspectives of residents, staff, and observers

Perry Edelman*, Bradley R. Fulton, Daniel Kuhn, Chih-Hung Chang

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

120 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: This exploratory study compared three methods of assessing dementia specific quality of life, corresponding to the perspectives of residents, staff members, and trained observers. Design and Methods: We collected data on 172 residents with dementia in four special care nursing facilities and three assisted living facilities. Analyses assessed the relationship of each quality-of-life method or perspective to the others and to resident characteristics such as cognitive and functional status. Results: The relationship of staff quality-of-life measures to resident characteristics varied by care setting while no significant relationships were found for resident quality-of-life measures. Staff and observational measures were moderately correlated in both settings. Moderate correlations of resident measures with staff and observational measures were found in the assisted living sample. Implications: Each perspective is relatively independent and somewhat unique. Measures that focus on specific aspects of quality of life may be more appropriate to use with assisted living residents than with residents of special care facilities.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)27-36
Number of pages10
JournalGerontologist
Volume45
Issue numberSPEC. ISS. 1
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2005

Keywords

  • Alzheimer's disease
  • Dementia
  • Direct interviews
  • Long-term care
  • Observation
  • Proxy questionnaires

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gerontology
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

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